The SAT is a standard assessment that is required to get into many universities. The College Board created the Scholastic Aptitude Test in 1926. The test has gone through many name changes and modifications to the testing system. It is now simply known as the SAT and has two sections when it previously had three. The scoring system is being modified for a new version of the test. It has previously been a combination of all three testing section scores. Now it will only be based on the two sections, for 800 maximum each, with a total possible score in between 800-1600. The SAT has a bad history with scoring the tests. Just in 2008 there was a huge error in the machines scoring the tests. This made the test scores that students received inaccurate by an enormous margin. The two testing sections are the Mathematics and Reading/Writing sections. These are both scored on a scale in between 400 and 800. They are the sections that the College Board believes as the most important subjects that can be taught in preparation for college. The SAT has been going downhill in popularity. Numerous critics and researchers have attacked it, and major problems have been found with the test. The College Board has denied all of the claims made, but most refutations do not have evidence to back their claims. One thing found about the SAT is that there is a major discrepancy between the scores of wealthy students and those in poverty. This has both to do with the expensive prep classes provided by the College Board and the style of questions asked. Many questions are culturally biased, requiring background knowledge that is usually only available to those with a luxurious upbringing. It assumes that all test takers already have this knowledge, providing little to no information that would make the question easier for those who have a different upbringing. There is also a bias against diverse ethnicities. Most have contributed this to upbringing, which also causes the income bias. People with different ethnicities learn a different culture during their childhood, leaving them less than knowledgeable about how to solve certain questions on the test. The Writing section has had extreme cases of issues. A study done by the MIT writing director found that the length of the essay is extremely related to the score it receives. In fact, the study showed, if random people judge solely on the length of the essay without reading it at all, they will correctly guess the score it received 90% of the time, getting within 20 points of the actual score on a test section that has a range of 800 possible scores. Many high-scoring essays also have very obvious issues with the content, ranging from spelling and grammar errors to logic that doesn’t make sense. The College Board has refuted this by stating that they do not judge much on factual accuracy. The writing section has also been attacked for its 25-minute time. Both of these factors together have led to critics stating that the test is promoting teachers preparing students to take the SAT to teach quantity over quality. This is something that the College Board has responded to as having no responsibility over, but has not denied that this is occurring. While the SAT has major issues that the ACT does not have, it is still a necessary part of getting into many coastal universities. Most colleges on the coast will not even look at your admission sheet if you have not taken this test. This has been changing, but the progression away from the SAT is too slow to expect changes anytime soon. If you are planning to go to an Eastern college, you must still take this test, no matter what flaws it may have.